Post Part-umm Endo-me-tri-tiss
by Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
The endometrium is the inside lining of the uterus. Postpartum endometritis is an infection of the endometrium after childbirth.
Postpartum endometritis is caused by bacteria. The bacteria may be present in the mother before childbirth or enter the body during childbirth.
Things that may increase the risk of postpartum endometritis include:
Symptoms may include:
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. The diagnosis is often based on symptoms and recent childbirth. Tests to look for the specific bacteria may include:
Postpartum endometritis is treated with antibiotics. The antibiotics are usually given by IV.
Not all infections can be prevented. Proper prenatal care may to decrease the chance of some infections. Antibiotics may be given before a cesarean section to reduce risk.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
Bratzler DW, Dellinger EP, Olsen KM, et al; American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Infectious Disease Society of America, Surgical Infection Society, Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Clinical practice guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2013 Feb 1;70(3):195.
Endometritis (postpartum). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed... . Updated July 23, 2019. Accessed March 19, 2020.
Karsnitz DB. Puerperal infections of the genital tract: a clinical review. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2013 Nov-Dec;58(6):632.
Postpartum endometritis. Patient UK website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated February 24, 2017. Accessed March 19, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Mary-Beth Seymour, RN
Last Updated: 5/1/2020
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.