(Difficulty Swallowing [Esophagus])
by Michael Jubinville, MPH
Dysphagia is a problem that happens when you swallow. It’s hard to get food down the tube that goes from the mouth to the stomach.
Esophageal dysphagia is caused by damage or disease of the throat. :
Factors that increase the risk of esophageal dysphagia include:
Common symptoms include:
You will be asked about your symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will run tests to find out what is causing swallowing problems. Tests may include:
Treatment depends on the cause. You may need:
There are not steps to prevent esophageal dysphagia.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Dysphagia Research Society
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Ontario Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologist
Dysphagia. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/d/dyphagia.html. Accessed August 14, 2018.
Dysphagia. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T906517/Dysphagia . Updated March 21, 2017. August 14, 2018.
Dysphagia. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/esophageal-and-swallowing-disorders/dysphagia. Updated April 2018. Accessed August 14, 2018.
Swallowing disorders in adults. American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: https://www.asha.org/public/speech/swallowing/Swallowing-Disorders-in-Adults. Accessed August 14, 2018.
Last reviewed February 2019 by Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated: 2/12/2019
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