Groin Hernia—Child

Groin Hernia—Child

(Hernia, Groin—Child; Hernia, Inguinal—Child; Inguinal Hernia—Child)

Definition

A groin or inguinal hernia is a bulge in the groin area. It happens when soft tissue pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall. Sometimes the tissue also passes down a canal that links the scrotum to the abdominal area. This canal is called the inguinal canal.

Inguinal Hernias

Nucleus factsheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

A hernia may be from:

  • A large inguinal canal
  • A weakened area in the lower abdominal muscles

Risk Factors

Groin hernias are more common in boys than girls. It is also more common in babies that are born early.

Symptoms

A bulge is the most common symptom. It may be easier to see this bulge when your child is crying. If your child is relaxed, the bulge may look smaller. Your child may also have some pain in the area.

Hernias can sometimes get caught in the abdominal wall. This is called a strangulated hernia. It can lead to more serious problems. Your child may have:

  • Vomiting
  • Swollen belly

A strangulated hernia needs emergency care.

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and health history. A physical exam will also be done. The doctor will be able to feel your child’s hernia.

Pictures may be taken of your child’s body. This can be done with:

Treatment

Most groin hernias need surgery. The surgery may be:

  • Open surgery—A cut is made over the area so the doctor has access to the tissue. This may be needed if there are problems.
  • Laparoscopic surgery—Small cuts are made so specialized tools can be used to make the repairs.

If your premature baby has a groin hernia, surgery may not happen until later.

Prevention

A groin hernia can’t be prevented.

RESOURCES:

Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
https://healthychildren.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
http://www.niddk.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca

References:

Groin hernia in children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed... . Updated July 23, 2015. Accessed July 2, 2018.
Inguinal hernia. Cincinnati Children’s website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated April 2016. Accessed July 2, 2018.
Last reviewed May 2018 by Kari Kassir, MD
Last Updated: 7/2/2018

EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at healthlibrarysupport@ebsco.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.

Home |Terms and Conditions |Concerned About Privacy? |Accessibility |Careers |For Employers and Medical Plan Providers

You may also be looking for: CVS/pharmacy | MinuteClinic | Specialty Pharmacy | SilverScript | Accordant