(Syndrome X; Insulin Resistance Syndrome; Dysmetabolic Syndrome)
by Amy Scholten, MPH
Metabolic syndrome is a combination of risk factors that increase your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. It is diagnosed when at least 3 of the following are present: high blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, large waistline, low HDL (good) cholesterol, and high fasting blood sugar.
The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known. It believed to be due to a combination of factors, such as:
Metabolic syndrome is more common in people who are Hispanic, Caucasian, or African American. Factors that may increase your chance of metabolic syndrome include:
Symptoms may include:
Metabolic syndrome is diagnosed when at least 3 of the following are present: high blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, large waistline, low HDL (good) cholesterol, and high fasting blood sugar. You may be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have:
*mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter of blood, mmol/L = millimoles per liter of blood
The treatment of metabolic syndrome involves:
Gastric bypass or other weight loss surgery may be helpful to treat metabolic syndrome if obesity is severe. Talk to your doctor to learn if this is an option for you.
Treatment of Underlying Causes
Treatment of Specific Metabolic Abnormalities
To help reduce your chances of metabolic syndrome:
American Heart Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Canadian Diabetes Association
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Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David A. Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated: 8/16/2016
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