Risk Factors for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
by Ricker Polsdorfer, MD
A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop ADHD with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your (or your child’s) likelihood of developing ADHD.
Risk factors include:
Other factors that may increase the risk of ADHD include:
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Accessed October 4, 2017.
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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated May 23, 2017. Accessed October 4, 2017.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-basics/index.shtml. Updated 2016. Accessed October 4, 2017.
Stern T, Rosenbaum J, et al. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2008.
Understanding ADHD: Information for parents. Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/adhd/Pages/Understanding-ADHD.aspx. Updated January 9, 2017. Accessed October 4, 2017.
What is ADHD? Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at:
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Updated July 2014. Accessed October 4, 2017.
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1/13/2014 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://www.dyname...: Silva D, Colvin L, Hagemann E, Bower C. Environmental risk factors by gender associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics. 2014;133(1):e14-e22.
11/29/2017 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://www.dyname...: Man KKC, Chan EW, et al. Prenatal antidepressant use and risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring: population based cohort study. BMJ. 2017 May 31;357:j2350.
6/3/2019 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://www.dyname...: Maher GM, O'Keefe GW, et al. Association of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018 Aug 1;75(8)809-819.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 10/23/2020
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