Apoplexy

Apoplexy

Definition

Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are a few forms of apoplexy, such as:

  • Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into the adrenal glands
  • Pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland

Pituitary Gland

Pituitary Gland Male
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Apoplexy may be caused by:

  • A tumor
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Blood clot
  • An illness
  • Changes in blood volume or blood pressure
  • Problems with blood clotting

Risk Factors

Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:

  • Lack of hormones
  • Prior surgery
  • Bleeding problems
  • Injury
  • Severe blood loss during childbirth

Symptoms

Problems may be:

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.

These tests may be done to look for signs of apoplexy:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests

Pictures may be taken. This can be done with:

Treatment

The goal of treatment is to stabilize the body. Other treatments will depend on the cause site of the apoplexy. For example:

  • Medicine to correct hormonal imbalances
  • Surgery to remove a tumor that is causing problems

Prevention

There are no known guidelines to prevent this problem.

RESOURCES:

Hormone Health Network—Endocrine Society
http://www.hormone.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
http://www.ninds.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Canadian Institute for Health Information
https://www.cihi.ca
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca

References:

Pituitary apoplexy . UCLA Health System website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed October 20, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated: 5/14/2021

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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

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