by Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as one of the following:
Gastritis can wear away at the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.
Causes of acute gastritis include any of the following:
Causes of chronic gastritis include any of the following:
Factors that may increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Gastritis may cause:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medicines may help to relieve symptoms. Some can also help to heal the stomach lining. Medicine can be available over the counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing medicine that is causing problems. Your doctor can find an alternative if needed.
To help reduce the chances of gastritis from NSAIDs:
To help reduce the chances of H. pylori infection:
If you smoke, look for ways to quit. Your doctor may recommend some tools to help you.
Avoid alcohol. If you do drink, drink in moderation. Moderation is 1 drink or less a day for women and 2 drinks a day or less for men.
American College of Gastroenterology
American Gastroenterological Association
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115779/Acute-gastritis . Updated June 5, 2017. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T170655/Chronic-gastritis . Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/gastritis. Updated July 2015. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD
Last Updated: 7/19/2018
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.